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Sunday, January 3, 2010

4.Jan.2010 မွာႀကေ၇ာက္မဲ့ လြတ္လပ္ေ၇းေန ့( Independence Day )
ကိုႀကိဳဆိုဂုဏ္ၿပဳေသာအားၿဖင့္ဒီ post ေလးကို တင္လိုက္ပါတယ္ခင္ဗ်ာ။

Union of Myanmar
ဴပည္ေထာင္စုဴမန္မာနုိင္ငံေတာ္
Pyi-daung-zu Myan-ma Naing-ngan-daw


Flag
Coat of arms
AnthemKaba Ma Kyei

Location of  Burma  (green)
in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Capital
Naypyidaw
19°45′N 96°6′E / 19.75°N 96.1°E / 19.75; 96.1
Largest city
Yangon (Rangoon)
Official languages
Burmese
Recognised regional languages
Jingpho, Kayah, Karen, Chin, Mon, Rakhine, Shan
Official scripts
Burmese script
Demonym
Burmese
Government
Military junta (de facto Military Dictatorship)
 -
Chairman of the State
Sr. Gen. Than Shwe
 -
Vice Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council
Vice-Sr. Gen. Maung Aye
 -
Prime Minister
Gen. Thein Sein
 -
Secretary-1 of the State Peace and Development Council
Thiha Thura Tin Aung Myint Oo
Formation
 -
Bagan
1044
 -
Independence
4 January 1948 (from United Kingdom)
 -
Current constitution
May 2008
Area
 -
Total
676,578 km2 (40th)
261,227 sq mi
 -
Water (%)
3.06
Population
 -
2009 estimate
50,020,000[1] (24th)
 -
1983 census
33,234,000
 -
Density
73.9/km2 (119th)
191.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
2008 estimate
 -
Total
$67.963 billion[2]
 -
Per capita
$1,156[2]
GDP (nominal)
2008 estimate
 -
Total
$26.205 billion[2]
 -
Per capita
$445[2]
HDI (2007)
0.586[3] (medium) (138th)
Currency
kyat (K) (mmK)
Time zone
MMT (UTC+6:30)
Drives on the
right[4]
Internet TLD
.mm
Calling code
95
1
Some governments recognize Rangoon as the national capital.
2
Estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

ၿမန္မာႏုိင္ငံေတာ္ႀကီး၇ဲ ့အေႀကာင္းေတာ္ေတာ္ေလးၿပည့္ၿပည့္စံုစံု
ေလ့လာမွတ္သားလို ့၇တယ္ဗ်ာ။
ဒီေန၇ာ ေလးကိုသြားႀကည့္လိုက္ပါေနာ္။

ဒီေန၇ာ ေလးကေတာ့ ကၽြန္ေတာ္တို ့ႏိုင္ငံၿပည္သူေတြ၇ဲ ့၇င္ထဲမွာ
ဘယ္ေသာအခါမွေသဆံုးသြားမွာမဟုတ္တဲ့ ေခါင္းေဆာင္ႀကီး
Bogyoke Aung San ၇ဲ ့အေႀကာင္း
တစ္ေစ့တစ္ေစာင္းေလ့လာႏိုင္တဲ့ေန၇ာေလးပါ။

ဒါေလးကေတာ့  Time Line Of Bogyoke Aung San ပါ။

ဒါေလးကေတာ့ Burma-Freedom-Calendar တဲ့ဗ်။


ၿမန္မာၿပည္၇ဲ ့အေႀကာင္းအေကာင္းအဆိုးေ၇းသားေနႀကတဲ့ online ေပၚကေန၇ာေလးတစ္ခ်ိဳ  ့ပါ။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ  မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ  မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။
ဒီေန၇ာ မွာတစ္ခု။

၇ွိေတာ့၇ွိေသးတယ္။ မ်ားမွမ်ား။ ဒီေလာက္နဲ ့ပဲေႀကနပ္လိုက္ႀကပါအံုးဗ်ာ။
 
ဒါေလးကေတာ့ findingDulcinea Staff ဆိုသူ၇ဲ ့ post ေလးတစ္ခုပါ။
မူ၇င္းအတိုင္းပဲ share လိုက္မယ္ဗ်ာ။


On This Day: Burma Declares Independence from Britain


On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from Britain.

Burma's Struggle for Autonomy

In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II.

By the war's end, nationalist leader Aung San, whose anti-fascist movement had been prominent in the struggle against Japan, had established a political and military power base from which to negotiate with Great Britain. He took office in the provisional Burmese government that formed in 1946.

Gen. San’s rule was troubled by conflicts between Burma’s rival ethnic groups, but he proved a unifying force for the nationalist movement. In January 1947, he signed an agreement with the British Prime Minister that granted Burma full independence within a year.

Before that plan came to fruition, in July 1947, Aung San and six other members of the cabinet were gunned down. The deaths were mourned throughout the country and for decades after.

The assassinations failed to halt the country’s advance toward political autonomy, which officially arrived on Jan. 4, 1948. “Thousands of Burmans caroused amiably along Rangoon's steamy, tropical waterfront,” wrote Time. “Some still recalled the day in 1885 when Burma's last king, brash Thibaw, sailed into exile and the British took over. Now, British rule was at an end.”

Historical Context: Colonial Burma


The British conquered part of Burma during the Anglo-Burmese war of 1824–26, but they didn’t establish full control of the region until 1886. For a time, Burma was part of British India, but it became a separate colony in 1937.

Japan invaded Burma during World War II and conducted a difficult struggle against British forces for years. For a time, Japan won many victories against the British—and even the support of Aung San's Burmese National Army—but ultimately Japan lost San's support and its hold in Burma. Aung San's supporters rode a wave of nationalism and were positioned to take over British control when the war was over.

Key Player: Gen. Aung San

Many in Burma view Gen. Aung San as the father of the country's independence. It was his ability to unify the people of Burma that helped end colonial rule.

He is also the father of Aung San Suu Kyi, the Nobel Peace Prize winner who many years under house arrest since 1995. Few in Burma today even dare to mention Gen. Aung San's name publicly for fear of angering their military overseers.

Later Developments: Burma since independence

Ethnic discord created problems for Burma’s first independent parliament. A central British administration had controlled Burma's various ethnic groups, which then rose up against the majority ethnic group in the country, the Burmans. Still, democracy survived until Gen. Ne Win led a military coup in 1962. Win's socialist party isolated the country and its economy declined significantly into the 1980s.

Win's socialist party isolated the country and its economy declined significantly into the 1980s. On Aug. 8, 1988, thousands of protesters massed to demand political reform. Monks and students led peaceful demonstrations, which ended when the army opened fire, killing an estimated 3,000 people.

Burma’s ruling military junta—which changed the country’s name to Myanmar in 1989—has drawn sanctions from the United States and the European Union for human rights violations.

In September 2007, in scenes recalling the 1988 demonstrations, Burmese monks led a new series of protests, which were again quashed by the military. Analysts have begun to ask whether nonviolent resistance will ever be effective against a totalitarian state.


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